Feline Immunodeficiency is a disease that affects cats only. HIV in humans is a different disease.
A FIV vaccine is available which most vets generally do not use for a variety of reasons. You can read about the vaccine on Google which I think is the best tool/search engine for finding just about anything. I have not used the vaccine on any of my cats simply because I do not allow my cats the freedom of the outdoors. At sometime or the other I will write about the good/ the bad, and the ugly of allowing a cat indoor/outdoor or whatever.
Unneutered males and outdoor cats are at risk of acquiring FIV. Your veterinarian should be able to suggest vaccination or not. Transmission through a bite wound from an infected cat is the means that almost all cats acquire the disease. Cats that are allowed outdoors are more likely to fight with other cats. Keeping your cat safe indoors will protect your furry friend from other diseases and hazards as well. Mother cats can transmit the disease to her kittens at the time of birth or through breast milk. (In cats).
This is important: if you are bringing a first time cat into your home or adding a cat/s it is prudent to get your cat/s combo tested for feline leukemia and FIV. The test will not break the bank.
There are new treatment options that can extend the life of your cat should he/she become ill. If you have a FIV cat- make a comment if you would like info on how to keep you cat healthy. I have used a variety of things to help keep my FIV cats healthy. When any of them have become ill the cat was treated with medication plus other additional things to help boost their immune system.
This past year one of my FIV positive cats died at the age of 14. That is pretty good considering he remained robust up until the last year of his life. I did not allow him to mingle with my other cats. Presently I have 4 cats that are FIV positive. These cats have their own space where they can move about freely in the sun or shade. They are protected from the elements with AC in summer and heat lamps in the winter. They are robust and appear healthy. And they all love to eat- too much.
FIV Part II (I’ll write about some methods of treatment.) Above is a pic of Baily, a FIV positive cat. He arrived at our house as a stray. He had been neutered at some point in his life prior to finding his way to our home. I took him to my vet for combo testing after trapping this very wary cat. Currently he is healthy, robust, sweet, and now very tame.
Post and photographs: Yvonne